100 Years of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission

On this day in 1917, a Royal Charter was given establishing what is now known as the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC). The cemeteries and graves the Commission look after can found across the world.

The Commission was the brainchild of Sir Fabian Ware who, being too old to fight in World War One, commanded a British Red Cross mobile unit. Whilst serving in France he realised  the need to mark the places where the fallen were buried so they would not be forgotten. By 1915 his work and that of his unit were recognised by the War Office and in 1917 they were given a Royal Charter and the Commission was officially formed.

The Commission had identified around 587,000 graves by 1918 and nearly as many registered casualties whose graves were unknown. After the end of the war the Commission set about creating the cemeteries and memorials we most associate the Commission with today.

Cross 2

Leading architects of the day were called upon to help design the cemeteries and gravestones and Rudyard Kipling was brought in as literary advisor for the inscriptions.

Twenty years after the Commission received it’s Charter, Ware wrote a book about its work called The Immortal Heritage – An Account of the Work and Policy of The Imperial War Graves Commission during the twenty years 1917-1937. The book includes a brief history of the Commission, alongside pictures of the cemeteries they created and a table showing the distribution of the cemeteries, graves and memorials in their care.

The cemeteries and memorials to the fallen can be found all over the world and include graves and memorials to servicemen and women from North Devon. Men like Jack Haysom (18) who died in India in 1915 whilst serving with the Devonshire Regiment; Serjeant Ernest George Symons of Landkey who was killed at Gallipoli and Lance Corporal Edward Brayley (31) who died during the Battle of Dujailah in Mesopotamia. All were buried in war cemeteries looked after by the Commission.

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The Commission, however, also look after graves much closer to home. In 1937 the Commission were looking after over 88,174 graves across 9,262 burial grounds within Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Barnstaple has 27 World War One graves, Bideford has 15 and Ilfracombe 21 and there are many others scattered across North Devon.

The cemeteries and graveyards of North Devon also contain the graves of those who fell in other conflicts. Barnstaple has another 22 World War Two war graves, including 2 civilian war dead. Wilfred Cater is one of those buried in Barnstaple after he died in training as an RAF Volunteer Reservist in 1941 aged 42. His Brother, Frank, had survived the First World War having seen action with the Royal North Devon Hussars at Gallipoli  before transferring to the Royal Flying Corps and subsequently the Royal Air Force.

13th January 1916 3 b-c RNDH At Gallipoli

Heanton Punchardon has the largest number of war graves in North Devon – 127 in total. The churchyard at St. Augustine is the burial-place for many of the men who were lost from RAF Chivenor during the war. Many of them were members of the Canadian and Australian Air Forces and they also include Czech servicemen who were part of the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserves.

No matter where the graves and memorials are located the Commission are charged with their care.

Find Out More

Find out more about the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and Sir Fabian Ware by reading the following items we hold on our shelves

The Silent Cities by Sidney C Hurst [940.4411/HUR] is an illustrated guide to the war cemeteries and memorials in France and Flanders published in 1929

The Immortal Heritage by Fabian Ware [940.411/WAR] published in 1937 is an account of the first twenty years of the Commission

…Barum Athena

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Home From Dujailah – Braunton Sergeant’s Experiences in Mesopotamia

In August 1916 one of the journalists from the North Devon Journal visited Sergt. George Kerswell in Braunton. George Kerswell was born in Dunsford, near Exeter, in 1878 before moving to Braunton. By the time he went to war he had a wife, two sons and a step-daughter and was in the thick of the action during the Battle of Dujailah. Some five months later he was home on leave from hospital describing his experiences…

NDJ 10th August 1916 (2)

A Brauntonian, Sergt. George Kerswell, who went through part of the Mesopotamia campaign with the Devons, has spent ten days’ sick leave at his home at Braunton. Sergt. Kerswell was a valued member of the Braunton detachment of the Territorials from its formation, and just after the commencement of hostilities he went to India with his regiment. After a stay of fifteen months, the battalion was transported to the Persian Gulf in December. Previous to the severe engagement which occurred on March 8th, the Devons were occupied in trench work–a duty somewhat monotonous, but one not entirely devoid of interest. In an interview with our representative on Friday, Sergt. Kerswell related some of his interesting experiences, dealing more particularly with the battle on March 8th. Preparations for the impending battle were made on March 7th, and all through that night the regiment slowly advanced over a distance of from twelve to fourteen miles. Arriving at Es-sin, where the Turks were strongly entrenched to the number of approximately twelve thousand, preliminary rifle shots were exchanged at seven o’clock in the morning. With a north country regiment and several Indian battalions, the Devons participated in a flanking movement. The English artillery had previously shelled the enemy position before the attacking regiments attempted to advance. Then began the advances which cost so much loss of life to both sides–an advance, taking a whole day to achieve, over 14,000 yards. On the ground over which our men advanced the sun beat down pitilessly, the terrific heat causing great discomfort. The regiment proceeded slowly forward in extended order, disputing every inch of the ground in the teeth of a withering storm of lead. The Turkish trenches were bristling with armed men, and a murderous fire was poured on the British from machine-gun and rifle. The British line sometimes advanced with an even front, sometimes in groups composed of two or three, now receding in ebbing and surging waves, then rapidly breaking over a few yards as one man, while from the Turkish ranks rolled a swift small arm fire. The enemy did not possess many guns of high calibre, but the artillery he had–sufficiently capable of making itself appreciated by an enemy–joined in the general cannonade. All along the linerolled a continuous wave of fire, but eventually the steady intrepidity and patient fortitude of our troops prevailed, and they persisted in maintaining their ground, not though many were killed and wounded, could they be shaken. Sergt. Kerswell was just behind Sergt. Ernest Dinnacombe, of Newport, Barnstaple, when he fell dead, shot right through the centre of the forehead. The rapid exchange of fire, and the advancing on the part of our men was kept up with unflagging persistency until dusk, when they dug themselves in, and waited until they could retire under the cover of swiftly approaching darkness. Early in the morning, accompanied by a fusilade of fire directed on them by the Turks, the Devons retired, though not until some more of the men fell victims to the maxim-gun fire. Sergt. Kerswell proceeded along in the darkness with George Worth, of Muddiford, who was wounded, but who bravely limped along, and the two rendered much assistance to Sergt. Lethbridge and Lance-Corpl. Eykes in carrying Lieuts. Finley and Mason, who were wounded, on stretchers. The dressing station was reached the morning of March 9th, and the same morning the men fell in and tramped, under a boiling sun and over awfully rough road, to the base. Here, Sergt. Kerswell, who had been lucky enough to escape being hit in the great fighting, was admitted to field hospital suffering from valvular disease of the heart. Two or three more hospitals were visited before he eventually arrived at Bombay. The doctors stated that nothing could be done for him there, so after three days he was sent to Cairo. He remained in the Egyptian capital for seven days and then went to Alexandria, where he embarked on a hospital ship bound for England. Arriving in the homeland on the 12th June, Sergt. Kerswell was ordered to a Glasgow hospital, where he was detained seven weeks.

With soldierly modesty Sergt. Kerswell was very reticent with regard to his own participation in the engagement, but one deduced from a casual remark made by him, that he has worthily “done his bit.” His praise for Col. Radcliffe, D.S.O., the officer who commanded the Regiment, was unstinted. Everything that could possibly be done to promote the welfare, happiness and comfort of his men, said Sergt. Kerswell, he saw was done. “None of us can say too much in praise of him. The highest praise of any solider could give him would not be enough. He is dearly loved by our battalion; he treats us as if we were his own family, and we look upon him as the father of the battalion.”

Sergt. Kerswell returned to Glasgow on Saturday with the best wishes of all Brauntionians and with the general expression of the hope that his health will soon be completely re-established.

Kerswell survived the war and ended up in the Essex Regiment and according to the medal rolls was still in the Territorial Force in 1921. He appears to have stayed in Essex where he died in 1933. His family remained in North Devon with one son becoming a carpenter and joner and the other a merchant seaman.

This article was taken from the North Devon Journal 10th August 1916 page 2 coumn a. You can find more articles covering North Devonians experiences in India and Mesopotamia on our Facebook page or by going to the Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon. You can also find out more about the Battle of Dujailah and the 6th Devons here.

…Barum Athena

The Priscott Twins

The Priscott Twins

Fred and Reg Priscott, twin brothers, served with the 1st 6th Devons in both India and Mesopotamia during the First World War. Born 18th October 1895, in Barnstaple, they were the Regiments only serving twins.

Before the war both Frederick John and Reginald James Priscott were working for local furniture maker Shapland and Petter and their names can be found on the Roll of Honour listing all those who signed up to fight from the firm, now held at the Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon. Fred took an active part in the Rackfield Mission and would also play the organ for the Baptist Sunday School.

The brothers joined the 6th Battalion of the Devonshire Regiment, a territorial unit primarily drawn from the North Devon area. Shortly after the outbreak of war the 6th Devons were amongst those who were due to be sent to France, however, a change in plans saw them being sent to India instead. The men of the 6th Devons, including the twins, found themselves spending Christmas in Lahore.

7th January 1915 With the 6th Devons in India Headline

North Devon Journal 7th January 1915 page 6 column a  – To read the full article visit our Facebook album North Devon War Items

 

They remained in India for just over a year. Fred found himself being posted to Amritsar, whilst Reg remained in Lahore. Both took the opportunity to do some sightseeing, Fred visited the Golden Temple in Amritsar, and Reg the museum and zoo in Lahore. Reg also found time to visit a cabinet shop! Fred was also appointed as organist to the Church of England church of St. Paul by the Colonel.

Christmas 1915 saw the 6th Devons prepare to leave India for Mesopotamia to relieve the besieged town of Kut-el-Amara. There was excitement and apprehension over the task ahead of them. The letters the twins sent home, which were published in the local newspapers, were full of hope of reaching all the way to Baghdad but they also asked for prayers to be said for them. You can read the published letters in previous posts 6th Devons in Persian Gulf – Barumites Who Hope to Reach Bagdad and Sixth Devons -Leaving Lahore for Active Service

Landing at Basra in January 1916 the twins faced a long march ahead of them to reach Orah, over 220 miles away. The journey was long, the days hot and the nights bitterly cold. Rations were often late in getting to them and there was the constant threat of attacks and looting from the locals they encountered. Many of the Devons developed illnesses including dysentery and pneumonia  due to the conditions they faced.

The 8th March saw the 6th Devons involved in the Battle of Dujailah, a defensive post held by the Turks and a key objective towards securing the besieged town of Kut. The battle saw the heaviest loss of life in a single day for the battalion. In total they lost 49 Officers and hundreds of men within the space of 24 hours, with hundreds more being wounded.

News of the battle started to appear in the local newspapers eight days later, on the 16th March and there was more to come in the weeks that followed. For those back home, information about what had become of their loved ones was slow to come through prompting the Mayor of Barnstaple to write to the War Office to try to expedite matters.

It wasn’t until three months later did the North Devon Journal newspaper publish news about the fate of the Priscott twins. Reg was in hospital after becoming sick, presumably with dysentery or something similar, having fought in the Battle of Dujailah. Fred was seriously wounded a month after Dujailah when a final attempt to relieve Kut took place.

Fred was shot in the neck and the bullet grazed his spinal column before becoming lodged under his shoulder-blade. In a letter home he wrote “The doctor is always telling me I am a lucky fellow, as another one-eight of an inch and I should have been paralysed.”

15th June 1916 5b Reg Priscott note

North Devon Journal 15th June 1916 page 5 column b

15th June 1916 5c Fred Priscott letter

North Devon Journal 15th June 1916 page 5 column c

Both twins survived the war but eventually went their separate ways. Reg stayed in Barnstaple, returning to Shapland and Petter. He also became involved with the Unions, setting up a branch of the Furniture, Timber and Allied Trades Union in Barnstaple, and also served as chairman of the Barnstaple Trades Council. Fred moved to Royston, in Hertfordshire where he became a travelling bible salesman and preached regularly, he too was involved in trade union and labour movements.

 

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The Priscott Twins in 1953 at the 6th Devons annual reunion

The twins were to be reunited in 1953 at the annual Devonshire Regiment reunion to mark the Battle of Dujailah. They had not seen each other for nearly 30 years! Fred died in June 1961 a week before he was due to preach at the Rackfield Mission. Reg passed away in July 1987.

 

Further Reading:

You can read more about the 1/6th Devons and their experiences in the First World War in our Discover the Battle of Dujailah & the 1/6th Devons…On Our Shelves post.

“Dujailah” Days by Colonel GB Oerton (DP355/OER)

The Bloody Eleventh by WJ Aggett (D355/AGG)

The 6th Devons and their Origins by John Rowe (DP355/ROW)

The Sixth Battalion Devonshire Regiment in the Great War by Lieut-Colonel CL Flick (D355/FLI)

We also hold a pedigree files for the Priscott twins

Contact us or visit our website for more information

..Barum Athena

Discover the Battle of Dujailah & the 1/6th Devons…On Our Shelves

P1000560 (2)Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Dujailah. While it remains one of the less well known battles of the First World War, but for North Devon it was one of the worst. Some 49 officers and men were killed from the 1/6th Devonshire Regiment in one day and hundreds more died as a result of wounds or illness associated with the campaign.

The 1/6th Battalion Devonshire Regiment was a territorial force based in Barnstaple and made up of men recruited from around the North Devon area. Not long after the outbreak of war they were sent to India where they stayed until they received orders to go to Mesopotamia with their Indian counterparts to be a part of the British campaign to relieve a garrison at Kut el Amara. There was plenty of nerves and excitement amongst the men as the time for their departure from India drew near as letters printed in the local newspapers from the Priscott twins show.

Some 40 members of the 1/6th Devons had already been sent to Mesopotamia attached to the Dorestshire Regiment and were among those stranded in the garrison at Kut el Amara. Something which the men were well aware of as Colonel G.B. Oerton wrote in his first hand account “Dujailah” Days…

“No men…ever had a greater incentive to spur them on in an attempt to succour their comrades than they. They would have gone through (and literally did go through), fire and water to achieve this. They had no intention of letting their pals fall into the hands of the Turks, or worse the Arabs if they could possibly prevent it.” [p 5 “Dujailah” Days by Colonel GB Oerton (DP355/OER)]

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The 1/6th Devons landed at Basra on the 6th January 1916 and immediately faced a march of some 230 miles to reach the Front at a place called Orah somewhere north of Sheikh Saad.

“The nights at that time of year were bitter: the going, with the river in flood, execrable; the mud was heavy enough to draw the sole’s of men’s boots. There was no fuel to light fires and although, for much of the time the temperature was that of an English winter, the 1st/6th still wore the thin ‘Indian Drill’ uniform.” [p 37 The Bloody Eleventh by WJ Aggett (D355/AGG)]

To make matters worse the men were on half rations throughout the march, and although tired and exhausted they were ready to take their part in the attack. However, things did not go well for them.

“The assault force, in two groups, was to march across the desert at night and attack in the early morning. The Sixth Devons’ task was involved with the attack on the redoubt forming the southern anchor point of the Turkish defence at Dujailah. The approach march went well, but the timing went astray. The Dujailah assault force were horrified to hear the guns of the other group open fire before they were ready, alerting the Turks.” [p23 The 6th Devons and their Origins by John Rowe (DP355/ROW)]

In the subsequent fighting and retreat the 6th Devons suffered their largest loss of life in a single day.

The “[b]attalion behaved splendidly in spite of losing nineteen officers and nearly three hundred men (killed, wounded and missing). Many tales are told of non-commissioned officers and men rallying small parties and driving back determined enemy counter attacks. The officers were almost too brave and most of those killed were picked off as they charged away ahead of the equally gallant men. The heat was terrific and accentuated by a regrettable lack of water. The regimental-sergeant major was mainly responsible for the adequate water supply of the battalion.” [p 15 The Sixth Battalion Devonshire Regiment in the Great War by Lieut-Colonel CL Flick (D355/FLI)]

There are many accounts of the battle within our local collection, but we also have a few items in our General Collection which cover the events in the Middle East. Volume five of The Empire At War by Sir Charles Lucas covers the Indian involvement in the war and Ronald Millar’s Kut; The Death of an Army also covers the events in Mesopotamia

After Dujailah the 6th Devons were pulled back from the front line and spent the rest of the war either guarding the supply routes in Mesopotamia or back in India until the August of 1919 when they finally returned home. Their fallen comrades were not forgotten though, and they commemorated their sacrifice each year by holding an annual “Dujailah Day” reunion.

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Members of the 6th Devons outside St. Peter’s Church March 1954 [NDJ Archive NDJ-bx 222-06]

You can find out more about our Library Collection via our website and online catalogue. You can also find newspaper articles from the local newspapers covering the events of the First World War on our Facebook page. The Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon also has an exhibition running from February 27th – April 9th 2016 called From Devon to Dujailah which shows the experiences of the 6th Devons in Mesopotamia through the eyes of Sgt Vernon C Boyle.

Sixth Devons -Leaving Lahore for Active Service

27th January 1916 3f-g Sixth Devons

The following article taken from the North Devon Herald includes another letter from one of the Priscott twins who were serving in the 1/6th Devonshire Regiment. By the time it was published they had already arrived in the Persian Gulf and were making their way from Basra to Sheikh Saad on foot…Barum Athena

The 1/6th Battalion Devon Territorials who have been stationed at Lahore since November, 1914, left the station on Tuesday, December 28th, for active service, having been detailed for duty with the Indian Expeditionary Force “D,” operating in Mesopotamia. The battalion had gained for itself an excellent name at Lahore, and was given a very enthusiastic send-off when the special train left Lahore for its two days’ run of between 700 and 1300 miles to Karachi. The band of the 1/5th Devons, the battalion which has relieved the 1/6th Devons at Lahore, played the men from the rest camp to the railway station, and on the platform were the General commanding the Lahore Division, with his staff officers, a number of ladies, and the officers and a large number of men of the 1/5th Devons. The colonel and adjutant of the latter battalion provided the men of the 1/6th Devons with cigars, and local ladies very thoughtfully brought literature for the men to while away the tedium of the the journey. Upon each paper and periodical these ladies had written expressions of “Good luck to the 1/6th Devons.” Many of the ladies on the platform were the wives of officers already serving in the Eastern theatres of the war, and a few tears of anxiety for their own were mingled with their smiles of encouragement to the fresh battalion going out to do its additional bit in the sterner fields of warfare.

The battalion itself was frankly glad to leave Lahore, and proud of the honour of being the first Devonshire Territorial infantry battalion to be sent on active service. The General, walking along the platform and exchanging a cheery greeting at every carriage window, spoke of the Devons as a “fine brawny lot of men,” and wished Lieut.-Col. N. R. Radcliffe, D.S.O., the O.C., and the battalion luck. Then with the 1/5th Devon band playing “Auld Lang Syne” and hearty cheers from both battalions, the train steamed away.

A large number of Christmas puddings sent by Barnstaple Foresters and friends to the 1/6th Devons in India failed to reach Lahore before the 1/6th Battalion had left for active service. On behalf of his men, Col. Radcliffe, C.O., ordered that they should be handed over to the 1/5th Devons., who were relieving the 1/6th. Ten pounds which the Mayor of Barnstaple forwarded for Christmas comforts was spent in a haversack ration to the 1/6th when they entertained on the 28th ult.

In our last issue we published two interesting letters from Ptes. Reg and Fred Priscott, 1/6th Devons, from Lahore, giving and interesting description of the mobilising of the 1/6th Devons prior to their leaving for the Persian Gulf. We are now grateful to Pte. Reg Priscott for the following interesting letter, which describes the departure of the regiment for active service: “Very glad to say Fred and I are in the pink. I am writing this in the train that is taking us to Karachi. We left Lahore yesterday afternoon. We fell in about half-past two in full marching order. The 5th Devon band played us joyfully to the station. After getting our gear off we waited for the generals to come and wish us good luck and god-speed. They hoped we should fight like other Devon soldiers. After shaking hands and wishing good-bye to our mates and friends, out steamed the troop train; amidst loud cheers and the singing of ‘Auld Lang Syne.’ It was about half-past three when I sat down. The din of the cheers could be heard in the distance. All the boys were in the best of spirits, and quite prepared to do their bit for the old country. You ought to have seen us in the train. Thirty boys in each carriage—like herrings packed in a box. You would have laughed to have seen us that night in our ‘dosh-up.’Our first stop was at a place called Samasata. It just suites me now we are off on active service. It is just what we have made up our minds for, and now we are satisfied. No one must worry: we shall be all right. Tell all the boys at home to cheer up, we shall be all right. The war won’t last much longer. After we have done our bit we shall be able to come home and enjoy the peace and quietude of homeland once again. You will soon hear that the Devon boys are marching into Bagdad. Thank the Rev. T. Henwood and Mrs. Pickard for their nice letters. It is good to think someone is praying for us. If I am wounded or sick it will be a great comfort to me to know you are praying for me at home. Let us hope your prayers will be answered, and that we shall return safe. The train has stopped at Nawab. We are about to have dinner. Good luck. –From Reg.”

Transcript from the North Devon Herald 27th January 1916 page 3 columns f-g. You can find more articles covering North Devonians experiences in India and Mesopotamia on our Facebook page or by going to the Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon which is also the home of the

6th Devons in Persian Gulf – Barumites Who Hope to Reach Bagdad

20th January 1916 3e 6th Devons in Persian Gulf

Twin brothers Fred and Reg Priscott were members of the 1/6th Devonshire Regiment a Territorial Regiment which drew it’s numbers from Barnstaple and North Devon. By Christmas 1915, the Regiment had already spent a year in Lahore, India, before they received orders which would see them sent to Mesopotamia and the Persian Gulf…

Mr. and Mrs. T. Priscott, of Bedford street, Barnstaple, have received the following interesting letters from their two son, Fred and Reg, who are now on active service with the 1/6th Devons on the Persian Gulf. The letters were written at Lahore, shortly after the regiment had received orders to mobilise for active service, and the splendid spirit shown by sons of Barum, so many miles from home, is a credit to the old borough. Rather a coincidence is th fact that a few days before leaving India the 1/6th Devons were privileged to form the Guard of Honour for the Viceroy at the Durbar. The regiment from North Devon were proud of the honour, and so well did they perform the necessary duties that they were commended personally by the Viceroy for their smartness. They are the first Territorial regiment that has ever participated in a Durbar, which is famous for its grandeur. The regiment can be relied upon to maintain the glorious traditions of their county.

They have the best wishes of all in North Devon for a successful campaign and a safe return. Pte. Fred Priscott writes as follows: “We have had a change in the weather, raining a lot, and the air is bitter cold. There is not much was news about. We had the Viceroy here last week, and we were the Guards of Honour. It was all right, and he was very pleased with the Guard of Honour. He said he could not wish for a better one. On Friday he opened the King’s Memorial Chief College, Lahore and on Saturday he held the Durbar. It was very nice. After he inspected the Guard of Honour he presented the Indian officers with swords, and shook hands with the wounded and old ‘vets.’ The uniforms of some of the Rajahs were grand; I shall be able to tell you all about it when I come home. I must thank you for the lovely parcel, which I received this morning. Everything was in good order, and a sample of the cake proved it to be grand. I am very pleased with the nice present from the mission; it is more than I ever expected. I expect you have heard that our regiment have shortly to go on active service. We are going to Mesopotamia. You must not worry but look to God and pray that He will guard over your two sons. We have both passed the doctor, so now we shan’t be long. We are only going to do our duty, and you will know we have not shirked. We shall do our bit the best we can. Reg has to return to the ranks, and he is in my section, so that will be fine. We shall always be together. I am sending home some of my things; I cannot take them with me. We have to buy three or four grey shirts, which cost five shillings each. We have also to have several pairs of socks. I will write as often as possible, but you must not worry if you don’t hear every week.” Drummer Reg Priscott says: “I am glad to say I am quite well. The mails are not in yet. We hope to have a good Christmas before we leave for the Persian Gulf. Rumours are flying about. On Friday we mobilised. Orders came we must not clean our buttons, and that we must start “dubbing” our boots. All are excited, and the boys are in the best of spirits, and so am I. Don’t worry. Something seems to tell me I shall get on all right, but I think it is ordained. We are being relieved by the 5th Devons, We shall leave the first week in January from Bombay, so by the time you get this we shall be on our way. Last Sunday we went to Lawrence Gardens to tea. We shook hands with our friends, Mr. and Mrs. Denny, and they wished us the best of luck. Mr. Denny said he hoped we should soon be in Bagdad. I hope so, too. Remember me to all my friends at home, and my mates ‘out over.’” Ptes. Reg and Fred Priscott are twin brothers.

Transcript from the North Devon Herald 20th January 1916 page 3 column e. You can find more articles covering North Devonians experiences in India and Mesopotamia on our Facebook page or by going to the Museum of Barnstaple and North Devon which is also the home of the